Thursday, July 13, 2017

Third Planet Orbiting the Binary Star KIC 5095269 Discovered

An artist’s impression of the newly discovered exoplanet around the binary star KIC 5095269. Credit: USQ Media Design.

A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Luke Skywalker lived on a planet circling twin suns. While Star Wars is science-fiction, two stars in orbit of each other is firmly based in reality. An astronomy student working with an Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) astronomer has uncovered evidence of a new planet orbiting a binary star (two stars that orbit a common center of mass).

Adding interest to this discovery is the observation that the planet orbits the stars on a tilt – an example of the weird and wonderful diversity of the Universe.

The binary star, KIC 5095269, system was first observed by NASA’s Kepler space telescope.

The newly-discovered planet has a mass 7.7 times more than Jupiter and orbits the binary star every 237.7 days.

“My PhD research involves performing an eclipse timing variation study of binary stars in order to look for any third bodies that may be present, like stars/brown dwarfs or planets,” PhD student Kelvin Getley, who lead authored the journal article announcing the discovery, said.

“I created a program that determined when one star passes in front of another as seen from Earth, and compared them to what we’d expect to see if there was nothing else in the system.

“My PhD supervisors, Professor Brad Carter and Dr Rachel King from the University of Southern Queensland (USQ), and Simon O'Toole from the AAO, guided and advised me, and helped come up with tests that could be done on the system to try to make sure what we were seeing was possible.”

Supervisor and AAO astronomer Dr O’Toole is an expert in exoplanetary systems.

“This is a really neat result,” Dr O’Toole said, “Planets orbiting two stars have been found before, but the cool thing here is that Kelvin has discovered a planet with a tilted orbit, more reminiscent of Pluto than the other planets in our Solar System."

Professor Carter leads USQ’s Astrophysics Research Program Team and commended Mr Getley on his work and discovery.

“Kelvin’s research demonstrates that evidence for new worlds can be gathered through an innovative analysis of the Kepler space telescope's treasure trove of observational data," he said.

Mr Getley is studying a PhD in Astronomy and is an external USQ student living in Charlton, Victoria, with the support of the AAO.

“Being an astronomer is something that I've wanted to be basically my entire life,” he said.

“My granddad was interested in astronomy as a hobby so I grew up reading his books. Doing this research, and making a discovery like this is amazing.”


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